Anger is a common human emotion. It is a strong emotion often caused by some form of wrong-doing, ill-treatment or unfairness.
Not only that, when this emotion is misdirected, it often leads to poor choices, damaged relationships, and even violence. But how does it affect the brain.
Let’s read that what’s really going on in the brain when anger is triggered:
- The first spark of anger activates the amygdala before you’re even aware of it.
- The amygdala activates the hypothalamus.
- The hypothalamus signals the pituitary gland by discharging corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH).
- The pituitary activates the adrenal glands by releasing the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH).
- The adrenal glands secrete stress hormones like cortisol, adrenaline, and noradrenaline.
SOURCES OF ANGER
WHAT ARE THE STRESS HORMONES
HOW ANGER CHANGES YOUR BRAIN
Elevated cortisol causes neurons to accept too much calcium through their membrane. A calcium overload can make cells fire too frequently and die.
The hippocampus and prefrontal cortex (PFC) are particularly vulnerable to cortisol and these negative effects.
- PREFRONTAL CORTEX
Elevated cortisol causes a loss of neurons in the prefrontal cortex (PCF). Suppressed activity in the PFC prevents you from using your best judgment – it keeps you from making good decisions and planning for the future.
Elevated cortisol kills neurons in the hippocampus and disrupts the creation of new ones. Suppressed activity in the hippocampus weakens short-term memory. It also prevents you from forming new memories properly.
(This is why you might not remember what you want to say in an argument.)
Too much cortisol will decrease serotonin – that’s the hormone that makes you happy. A decrease in serotonin can make you feel anger and pain more easily, as well as increase aggressive behaviour and lead to depression.
IF YOU’RE PRONE TO LOSING YOUR TEMPER, HERE ARE SEVEN IMPORTANT REASONS TO STAY CALM.
- An angry outburst puts your heart at great risk.
- Anger ups your stroke risk.
- It weakens your immune system.
- Anger problems can make your anxiety worse.
- Anger is also linked to depression.
- Hostility can hurt your lungs.
- Anger can shorten your life.
Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. Global Punjab TV does not claim responsibility for this information.